If you’ve been in a serious car crash in Texas, you could be left with catastrophic injuries that affect every aspect of your life. One of the most common in such a situation is traumatic brain injury. There are different forms of this injury.
Understanding traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a severe blow or jolt to the head or when an object penetrates the skull. This is why it commonly occurs after a serious motor vehicle accident. In some cases, TBI involves a primary injury where one part of the brain is affected and a secondary injury that affects another part of the brain.
Types of TBIs
Concussion is often considered to be a milder form of TBI. It may cause brief unconsciousness and confusion but is temporary.
Contusions are bruises on the brain also known as coup or contrecoup injuries. Coup is a singular brain contusion while contrecoup refers to bruising on opposite sides of the brain due to initial and then rebound impact such as during a car crash.
Diffuse axonal injury is a TBI that involves over-stretching and tearing of the brain’s nerve cells. It leads to difficulty transmitting information and affects a person’s ability to stay awake or wake up. It’s one of the more serious forms of TBI.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage causes bleeding around the brain when arteries suffer small tears during a blow or jolt to the head. It causes blood to spread over the brain’s surface.
Hematoma is a serious TBI that involves a blood clot. Depending on the location of the brain affected, the victim can suffer a variety of symptoms. In some cases, the body can naturally absorb the hematoma, but for some, surgery is necessary to remove larger blood clots.
Common TBI symptoms are headache, fatigue, dizziness and sensitivity to light and sound. You might experience nausea and vomiting, tinnitus, loss of consciousness and confusion. Weakness or numbness in the extremities, seizures, fluid drainage from the nose or ears, slurred speech and cognitive difficulties can occur with moderate to severe TBI.
Never ignore your symptoms. Seeking medical attention after a car crash could save your life.